Running head: WOMEN POVERTY IN CANADA
Women Poverty in Canada
In June 2010, a member of Canadian Parliament, Tony Martin (NDP) introduced Bill C-545 (AN act to Eliminate Poverty in Canada). Although that bill doesn’t become a law, it defines poverty as “the condition of a human being who doesn’t have the resources, means, choices and power necessary to acquire and maintain economic self-reliance and facilitate their integration into and participation in society” (openparliament.ca). More than that, the bill went on to consider poverty as a human right issue. Most of Canadian studies such as Statistic Canada findings, show that poverty rate in Canada is high to some extent (9%). Still among that average, more subgroups tend to be poorer, such as children and women (statcan.gc.ca). The Canadian Women’s Foundation on its website, provides rates of poverty among Canadian women as follows: Aboriginal women (36%), visible minority women (35%), women with disabilities (26%), single parents mothers (21%), and single senior women (14%) (canadianwomen.org) such facts raise some questions: why Canadian women so poor? Does women poverty in Canada have anything to do with power relationship? Does Canada have stable measure for poverty? Does Canadian government have strong social programs to tackle women poverty in Canada? Do poverty an act of God, which is beyond human capacity, or does it an act of human that creates various causes of the issue?
In this paper, I will briefly examine those questions. First, I will discuss how to measure poverty, and why Canada has no stable measurement for poverty. Then, I will move on to describe what it means to be a poor women in Canada. I will discuss the reasons of women poverty in Canada. Since the issue of poverty is an issue of social inequality, the social conflict theory need some visit to elaborate the Canadian women poverty.
First of all, two measures for poverty relative or absolute....