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Urbanization Problems Can Be Met By Sustainable Essay

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Urbanization problems can be met by sustainable development policies?

Cities all over the world are developing. As war ended in 1942, a significant number of people move to the city because they want to improve their life. This urbanization process is causing a number of problems and should be met by sustainable development policies. In the beginning, it is important to know the definition of sustainable development. There are some definitions for sustainable development, but simply they say that sustainable development is a development which using resources now and preserving them for future generations (Adams, 1999, p.137). This concept has been agreed internationally at a Rio Conference in 1992 to be implemented by all government policies which mostly known as “Agenda 21” principles (Adams, 1999, p.141). This paper will show that traffic jams and housing problems caused by urbanization can be met by sustainable development policies. The structure of this paper will first explain the situation that leads to traffic jams and housing problems. Next, it will elaborate the   sustainable development solutions, implications for the solutions, and evaluations how effective the sustainable development solutions solved the problems.  

A general situation of urbanization trend in developing countries and developed countries is increasing. Approximately only 3 per cent of the world total population lived in urban areas in 18th century, however as projected in 2000 this number will increase at above 50 per cent (UN as cited in Elliot, 1999, p. 144). According to UN (as cited in Elliot, 1999, p.144), it is figured that the total urban population in developing countries has increased from approximately 400 millions people in 1950 to approximately 2000 millions people in 2000. At the same time, total urban population in developed countries is double from 500 millions people to 1000 millions (UN as cited in Elliot, 1999, p. 144). However, the speed of the trends is...

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