Q1 Explain what is meant by infection prevention and control.
Infection prevention and control is the clinical application of microbiology in practice. Infection or disease may be caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses or prions and can result in a wide variety of infections, for example, urinary tract, wound, respiratory, blood, bone and skin infections. Prevention and control stops harmful micro-organisms being transferred from person to person by direct contact, medical equipment or the general environment.
Understanding how infections occur and how different micro-organisms act and spread is crucial to preventing infections. As nurses, midwives and healthcare assistants, prevention is our primary aim.
Q2 Explain the importance of infection control within a health care setting.
Infection control is crucial in health-care settings. Infection prevention and control is required to prevent the transmission of communicable diseases. Infection or diseases can be caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses or parasites.
Healthcare-associated infections are infections that patients acquire while receiving treatment for medical or surgical conditions. Infections caused by cross-contamination occur in all settings of care and are associated with a variety of causes.
Infection control precautions are a set of standard recommendations used to reduce the risk of transmission of infectious agents from body fluids or environmental surfaces that contain infectious agents.
Infection control ensures patient and client safety, Patients have varying susceptibility to develop an infection after exposure to a pathogenic organism
The higher likelihood of infection is reflected in vulnerable patients who are immune compromised because of age (elderly), underlying diseases, severity of illness,
The outbreak of infection can be fatal if care is not taken; for instance an outbreak of MRSA that can be resistant to most antibiotics can be fatal. The outbreak of an infection has...