14 Understand person-centred approaches in adult social care
1. Understand person-centred approaches in adult social care.
1.1 Describe person-centred approaches.
Person-centred care is a philosophy of providing care that is centred on the person, and not just their health needs. We are all individual, no two people are the same hence it is not appropriate to say that because two people have dementia that they both have the same care and support needs. The values which one person feels are important in their life may not be so to another.
1.2 Explain why person-centred values must influence all aspects of social care work.
To provide the best support to a person, their values must be taken into account and by doing so you will be empowering that person, increasing their self-determination and encouraging their
independence. A person’s values will include their individuality, rights, choices, privacy,
independence, dignity and respect.
1.3 Eplain how person-centred values should influence all aspects of social care work.
Health and social care should be based on person-centred values, and should be individualised as this is a requirement by law (Human Rights Act 1998, Health and Social care Act 2012, Codes of practice for Social Care Workers, etc).
2. Understand how to implement a person-centred approach in an adult social care setting.
2.1 Explain how finding out the history, preferences, wishes and needs of an individual contributes to their care plan.
When planning individual support it is necessary to document and record day – to day requirements of the individual's preferences for care and support. We can do this by addressing individual needs and preferences within a care plan, as well as individual support plans. Having a holistic approach to meeting the needs and preferences of each individual is also a key skill.
2.2 Describe ways to put person centred values into practice in a complex or sensitive situation.