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收入分配研究
——理论与实证分析

中山大学岭南(大学)学院 TEL:84112798 E-MAIL:wuyx@lingnan.net
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吴迎新

一、收入分配理论 1。市场如何决定收入 2。如何衡量不公平(收入差距) 洛伦茨线(Lorenz curve) 基尼系数(Gini coefficient) 3。衡量贫富 恩格尔系数(定律)(Engel’s Law)
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Chapter 13 The labor market A.Fundamentals of wage determination 1.The general wage level 2.Demand for labor marginal productivity differentials international comparisons 3.the supply of labor determinants of supply(hours worked;[substitution effect;income effect]labor-force 3 participation;immigration)empirical findings

4.Wage differentials compensating wage differentials;labor quality;the rents of unique individuals;segmented market and noncompeting groups B.Labor union economics 1.History and practice of labor unions 2.Government and collective bargaining 3.How unions raise wages 4.Theoretical indeterminacy of collective bargaining 4

5.Effects on wages and employment has unionization raised wages? Effects on employment;lump-of-labor fallacy C.Discrimination by race and gender 1.Discrimination 2. The economics of discrimination 3.Empirical evidence 4.Reducing labor market discrimination 5.Uneven progress
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第13章 劳动市场 一、工资决定的基本理论 1.一般工资水平 2.对劳动的需求(边际生产率的差异;国际比较) 3.劳动的供给(供给的决定因素;实证发现) 4.工资差异(工种差别;劳工差别;人的差异;分割的市 场和非竞争性群体) 二、工会经济学 1.美国工会的历史和实践(历史;工会的主要任务) 6 2.政府和集体协议

3.工会如何提高工资 4.集体协议在理论上的含糊之处 5.对工资和就业的影响(工会能提高工资?对就业的 影响;劳动总量谬误) 三、种族歧视和性别歧视 1.歧视 2.歧视的经济学解释(定义;排斥性歧视;歧视的偏好; 统计性歧视;对妇女的经济歧视) 3.经验证据 4.减少劳动市场歧视 7 5.不平坦的进步

Chapter 13 Figure 13-1

Wages Have Improved as Hours of Work Have Declined

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Chapter 13 Figure 13-2

Demand for Labor Reflects Marginal Productivity

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Chapter 13 Figure 13-3

Favorable Resources, Skills, Management, Capital, and Technology Explain High U.S. Wages

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Chapter 13 Figure 13-4

As Wages Rise, Workers May Work Fewer Hours

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Chapter 13 Figure 13-5

Earnings Benefit from Education and Experience

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Chapter 13 Figure 13-6

Relative Income Gains Have Been Dramatic for College Graduates...

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