CJ407: Crisis Negotiation
April 10, 2014
Suicide is the eleventh leading cause of death in the United States (p.347). Close to 50 percent of the calls responded to by crisis negotiation teams are to a suicidal subject. With so many calls being to this type of situation the negotiators need to know that they will not be able to save every suicidal person. However, the more training the negotiator has the higher chance of saving a person’s life. Over the years situations have helped in molding the training that is needed for all types of situations. Still no incident will ever be black and white, nor two will be the exact same. The training received can only help as guidelines to ensuring the safety of the individual involved. Benjamin Franklin once said “By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail.”
Numerous articles, books, blogs all on suicide usually meeting similar criteria’s to prevent suicide. As a crisis negotiator they are trained to use the REACT model. This model includes five steps to help in avoiding a successful suicide. Recognize the potential for suicide; noticing key indicators that suicide is a thought. Engage the person to establish contact; being non-judgmental and communicating hope for the future. Asses the risk; figure which level of seriousness and how far into the decision of suicide the subject is at. Contracts with the person for new behavior; attempting to reduce the risk of suicide. Transfer responsibility needs; make the subject feel important.
When a person becomes suicidal there are usually multiple factors in which lead up to the event. For examples, Common stimulus whether it is unendurable pain, physical or psychological. Common stressors which is frustrated psychological needs. Common emotions of helplessness and hopelessness. Common cognitive state which is constriction and tunnel vision. Common goals in cessation of consciousness. Common intent the interpersonal communication. Being able to...