International Business Research; Vol. 5, No. 7; 2012 ISSN 1913-9004 E-ISSN 1913-9012 Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education
CSR within SMEs: Literature Review
Amina Kechiche1 & Richard Soparnot2
Department of Law, Economics and Social Science, Institute of Business Administration, University of Tours, Tours, France Loire Valley University/CRESCEM/ESCEM, Groupe ESCEM, Tours, France
Correspondence: Richard Soparnot, Professor of Strategy and Management, Loire Valley University/CRESCEM/ESCEM, VALLOREM EA 6296, Groupe ESCEM, 1 Rue Léo Delibes, BP 0535, 37205 Tours Cedex 3, France. Tel: 33-2-477-7168. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Received: November 1, 2012 doi: 10.5539/ibr.v5n7p97 Abstract Although CSR has traditionally been associated with big business, the SME business sector is such a significant sector worldwide in terms of the economic, environmental and social impact it makes, that attention has been turned to discussion and analysis of principles and practice of CSR in small and medium size businesses. SMEs are not merely small versions of big businesses, so as a result a particularly fast-growing body of academic work has become focused on commitment to CSR in the sector. As a result, the aim of this article is to set out an analysis of the main work carried out on the subject of CSR in SMEs. The analysis is a four part summary. In the first part, we explore the definition and the main CSR practices found in SMEs. The second part relates to determining characteristics of commitment to CSR within SMEs. Next we set out the challenges for SMEs and the constraints made upon them by CSR. Finally, the last section deals with positive examples of CSR in SMEs. Taking this literature review summary as a structural basis we then go on to demonstrate 3 research methodologies. Keywords: CSR, SME 1. Introduction Over the past fifteen years, discussion about CSR and its implementation in practice has increased in both variety and volume. In 1953...