Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist best known for his theories of the unconscious mind and the mechanism of repression. While many of Sigmund's ideas have fallen out of favor or been changed by people who oppose his work, he is still considered one of the most brilliant minds on the early 20th century.
Sigmund was born May 6th, 1856 to proud parents, Jacob and Amalié Freud, and being their first-born son, they gave their all to his education. In 1865 he was enrolled in Leopoldstädter Kommunal-Realgymnasium, an excellent high school, from which he graduated with honors.
In October 1885, Sigmund went to Paris to study with Europe's famous neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot. Charcot specialised in the study of hysteria and susceptibility to hypnosis, which he frequently demonstrated with patients on stage in front of an audience. Sigmund later turned away from hypnosis as a potential cure for mental illness, instead favouring treatment where the patient talked through his or her problems, or the "Talking Cure".
The "Talking Cure" was used to locate and release powerful emotion that had been rejected or locked away deep in the unconscious mind. Sigmund called this "repression", and he believed that it was a defense function of deep psyche, capable of causing physicsal and mental problems.
Sigmund's research and theroies didn't stop with speech. Later, he was able to distinguish the three concepts of the unconscious: the descriptive unconscious, all the features of mental life that people are not aware of, the dynamic unconscious, mental processes and contents that are defensively removed from consciousness as a result of conflicting attitudes and the system unconscious. The system unconscious denoted the idea that when mental processes are repressed, they become organized by principles different from those of the conscious mind, such as condensation and displacement.
In his later studies, Sigmund proclaimed the human psyche could be divided into three...