These charts discuss the common physical, social, emotional, and intellectual (cognitive) characteristics for each age group of K-4, 4-8, and 8-12 grades. Keep in mind that no two children develop at the same rate or exhibit corresponding characteristics. In addition, for some the transitions will be gradual, for others they will be abrupt, and these too will change depending on the development task at hand. A child may be very responsible and mature one day and noisy and bored the next. By being vigilant and aware of the current development stage and offering challenging and appropriate opportunities to help them make the transition into the next stage, we can help make EHTP a rewarding and fulfilling experience for the children at the same time we are helping them grow and develop.
Children are influenced by the people and the places where they spend their time: their family, their friends, their school, and their community. It is important to remember that even though we look at specific aspects of the child’s development to understand them better, each child is a “whole child”, regardless of cultural background, economic status or ethnicity. They are “complete packages” unto themselves and should be allowed to revel in their own diversity.
EHTP must strive to provide safe, reliable and accessible activities and spaces. Young people need:
• Sense of personal safety
• Sense of belonging/membership
• Sense of self worth that is predicated on achievement and character
• Mastery of skills
• Access to learning opportunities beyond the classroom
• Self awareness
• Support and guidance from caring adults
EHTP must provide the following four steps for Youth Development to occur in a positive way:
• Sense of competence
• Sense of usefulness
• Sense of belonging
• Sense of power
EHTP is working to ensure that the following outcomes are part of the Youth Development experience: