Ulcerative colitis occurs only in the large intestine. Ulcers form in the inner lining, or mucosa of the colon or rectum, often resulting in diarrhoea, blood, and pus. The inflammation is usually most severe in the sigmoid and rectum and usually diminishes higher in the colon. It is divided into divided into different categories depending on the location of the disease. There are three main types of ulcerative colitis.
Proctitis, the disease is only in the rectum (the lower part of the colon that connects with the anus). In about a third of patients, ulcerative colitis begins with ulcerative proctitis. Limited or Distal Colitis, the disease in the left side of the colon. Pan colitis the disease is in the entire colon (New York Times September 2010)
According to studies there are currently 100 000 people in the UK with ulcerative colitis and its peaks is at age of 15 to 30 and also 50 to 70. Like any other chronic conditions/disease ulcerative colitis will have a psychological effect on Mary. In this case study I will explore a psychological factor that might help explain Mary`s condition. I have chosen to explore on stress.
Psychological stress refers to the emotional and physiological reactions experienced when an individual confronts a situation in which the demands go beyond their coping resources. Examples of stressful situations are marital problems, death of a loved one, abuse, health problems, and financial crises, (Venes, Thomas 2001)
Selye 1936 defined stress as, “Stress is the nonspecific response of the body to any demand, whether it is caused by, or results in, pleasant or unpleasant conditions.” Stress related health problems occur when the body is in a frequent and prolonged state of mental or emotional stress. During stress the fight or flight reaction is triggered within the body causing physiological changes.
This is especially significant for those who suffer from autoimmune diseases such as Ulcerative Colitis, because the...