History of print media
• Christian missionaries established printing press at the end of the fifteenth century in India.
• Heavy printing machines were installed in Bombay, Madras, and Calcutta by the east India Company.
• In India press was used for journalistic purpose for the first time in 1780.
• There were two rival groups, one lead by warren Hastings and the other by Philip Francis.
• On January 29, 1780 James Augustus Hicky published the ‘BENGAL GAZETTE’.
• It’s content were non-serious, spicy and vulgar.
• Bengal gazette was known for its personal attacks on warren Hastings.
• It gave several nicknames to Hastings, like- Mr. Wronghead, The Dictator, The Moghul.
• It was closed down in 1782.
• It was known to be the founder of ‘yellow journalism’ rather than the founder of the Indian journalism.
Contribution of various social reformers
JAMES SILK BUCKINGHAM
• Brought stability in Indian journalism.
• Was the editor of ‘CALCUTTA JOURNAL’
• Was a close friend of Raja Ram Mohan Roy.
• Did not hesitate to highlight the weaknesses of British administration.
• His objective and impartial journalistic approach led to the popularity of his newspaper.
• Within a short period his newspaper became the first daily of Calcutta.
• In 1882, JOHN BULL IN THE EAST was published to stand against ‘CALCUTTA JOURNAL’.
• Was forced to quit India in 1823.
Raja ram Mohan Roy
• Contributed for the elimination of SATI SYSTEM and for the spread of women’s education.
• Known as the ‘father of Indian journalism’.
• With his inspiration following three newspapers came into being :
1. SAMBAD KAUMUDI (BENGALI)
2. MIRAT-UL-AKHBAR (PERSIAN)
3. BRAHMINICAL MAGAZINE (ENGLISH)
• Roy launched three more newspapers to promote progressive Hinduism:
I. THE REFORMER
II. THE ENQUIRER
III. GYAN ANVESHAN
• Dwarkanath Tagore published Bengal herald & bangadoot.
• Gopal rao deshmukh initiated ‘Indu Prakash’ an anglo-marathi daily in the year...