CLINICAL RESEARCH AND CLINICAL RESEARCH ORGANIZATION IN GENERAL:
Clinical Research is medical research that involves people and drug testing. People volunteer to participate in carefully conducted investigations that ultimately uncover better ways to treat, prevent, diagnose, and understand human disease. Clinical research includes trials that test new treatments and therapies as well as long-term natural history studies, which provide valuable information about how disease and health progress. The clinical research study is also called as clinical trial and originates in the laboratory. After researchers test new therapies or procedures in the laboratory and in animal studies, the most promising experimental treatments are moved into the clinical trials, which are conducted in phases (Phase I to Phase IV). During a trial, more information is gained about an experimental treatment, its risks and its effectiveness.
The above picture illustrates the Clinical Research Process (Source: www.ppdi.com)
Contract Research Organizations (CRO) make up about half of the research work force involved in drug and medical product development. CROs offer a variety of clinical trial services and conduct multiple other activities. Sponsors of drug development research, such as pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, rely on CROs to help reduce costs and speed the process of bringing a drug to market. Global CROs offer worldwide infrastructure, extensive therapeutic expertise and the ability to manage large, complex trials.
The CRO industry offers a variety of drug development services including clinical trial management which includes site selection for performing trial along with setting up of trial site, investigator selection for monitoring trials, volunteer selection to participate in trial and setting up ethics committee. Further to this, CROs also perform continuous monitoring of safety, clinical and medical aspects, clinical laboratory services for processing...