Cortez, Chlodia Eiriel Ysabella L. 2POL1
October 7, 2013
Political Dynasty in the Philippines
“The State shall guarantee equal access to opportunities for public service, and prohibit political dynasties as may be defined by law.” – The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines, Article II, Declaration of Principles and State Policies, Section 26.
As a citizen of a country, it is one’s responsibility to be aware of the events happening in it, and in the recent years, one event has been obviously occurring, the political phenomena termed as Political Dynasties. In an empirical study by a group of analysts (Beja Jr. , Mendoza, Venida, & Yap, 2012), 70% of the 15th Philippine Congress and most of major political parties are infested by dynasties. Some regions that have prominent political dynasties contain the highest poverty level and low human development. According to (Ngayan, 2011), the political phenomenon dates back to Spanish Colonialism, which has distinct hierarchy from Indios to Ilustrados and to local elites like the Gobernadorcillo and Principalia which is responsible for local administration and taxation. Ngayan also added the era under US Colonialism and under the Taft Administration where voting and candidacy was limited to the propertied class which is only 1% of the populace. Years passed and the phenomenon was still not undermined, not until Senator Sergio Osmeña brought about an act prohibiting the establishment of political dynasties. In the said act, it elaborates the purpose of the act itself to provide equal opportunities to people and also to reduce the political inequalities present. This paper aims to discuss the causes and effects, to elaborate problems and find solutions, and bring to comparison and contrast the political dynasty of the Philippines and other countries.
One phenomenon oftentimes may lead to another, immensely...