“Some things exist by nature, others are due to other causes” (II.192b8). After stating this, Aristotle goes on to summarize and identify the four types of cause; first, cause as matter; second, cause as form; third, cause as the original source for change and rest; and fourth, cause as an end, or purpose. The following four paragraphs will respectively identify the four causes of a pizza slice.
The first cause of a pizza slice, or, the matter of a pizza slice, is bread, cheese, and sauce. These three things make up a pizza slice—they are the matter of a pizza slice—and therefore, they are the first cause of a pizza slice.
The second cause of a pizza slice, or, the form of a pizza slice, is a triangular and moveable piece of food. This triangular, moveable piece of food is the form, or the pattern of the pizza slice, and therefore, it is the second cause of the pizza slice.
The third cause of a pizza slice, or, the original source of change or rest, is food. This food is the source of the pizza’s change or rest, for if food did not exist, pizza slices would not exist, and therefore, it is the third cause of the pizza slice.
The fourth cause of a pizza slice, or, the end/purpose, is the fulfillment of a person’s hunger. This hunger is the purpose in which the pizza slice fulfills, and therefore, it is the fourth cause of the pizza slice.
Best flour? Something all-purpose and unbleached. Tell me why you would want to eat benzoyl peroxide in bleached flour? You don’t need fancy Italian 00 flour unless you’re making Neapolitan pizza and you want to follow the rules. But Neapolitan pizza has a list of the different required ingredients, how much time you have to let the dough rest and all these things. The 00 flour holds a lot of liquid so Neapolitan-style pizza has a tender crust. But those pizzas bake in 50 seconds with a blast of 800-degree heat, so it helps them maintain their moisture content. But even in that setting, I like the way my...