Pearl Harbor Address
December 8th, 1941 President Franklin Delano Roosevelt attempted to incite action into a nation of troubled Americans after a sudden Japanese onslaught. In his address to congress given the day after the Japanese bombings was a request for a declaration of war upon Japan. Roosevelt created a speech that was dramatic, sufficient, and to the point therefore, understandable to the nation of worried Americans. The purpose of his speech was to clearly present the details of the attack, reveal the Japanese threat along the Pacific, and to thrust America into military action, which successfully led to the United States declaring war with Japan.
Throughout the United States, American citizens were still reeling from the attack on Pearl Harbor. Most Americans were probably confused and wanted answers to whom and why the Pacific naval base was bombarded. In his speech, Roosevelt gives the American people the specifics on the Pearl Harbor bombings in a direct and efficient manner. Roosevelt immediately grasped the public’s attention by revealing the attacker and used strong words in the first sentence of his speech, stating “Yesterday, December 7th, 1941, a date which will live in infamy, the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan”. The use of the word “suddenly” explains that the American fleet was not prepared for the attack and the word “deliberately” explains that the attack was by no means an accident. He supports his usage of those words later by stating “…a formal reply to a recent American message… contained no threat or hint of war or of armed attack” and “the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago”. But revealing an understanding of the attack was still necessary.
President Roosevelt explained the bleak outcome of the occurrence slightly impassive and brief. Roosevelt did not use pathos when he...