Health Consequences of Social Class
HIV is the abbreviation used for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. HIV attacks the body's immune system. Normally, the immune system produces white blood cells and antibodies that attack viruses and bacteria. The infection fighting cells are called T-cell lymphocytes. Months to years after a person is infected with HIV, the virus destroys all the T-cell lymphocytes. This disables the immune system to defend the body against diseases and tumors. These infection which normally won't cause severe or fatal health problems will eventually cause the death of the HIV patient.
In the United States the new infections, expected incidence of HIV has remained stable overall in recent years, about 50,000 new HIV infections every two years. The overall evaluations, some groups are affected more than others. The greatest burden of HIV infection, and among races/ethnicities, African Americans continue to be excessively affected by this disease. The HIV Diagnoses in 2011, estimates 49,273 people were diagnosed with HIV infection in the United States. In 2011 this same year, estimate of 32,052 people were diagnosed with AIDS. Overall, 1,155,792 people in the United States have been diagnosed with AIDS. The Concerns about AIDS in their community could well translate into a high level of stigma among African Americans, which could further impede prevention and treatment efforts. Studying AIDS related stigma can help to improve intervention programs in the Black community and can contribute to a better general understanding of public reactions to AIDS.
It the Dominican Republic, the HIV/AIDS epidemic continues to have a major impact on the Dominican Republic. The Demographic and Health Survey estimates a prevalence of 0.8% in the population aged between 15 and 49 years of age. This data includes that the epidemic has stabilized, but large sectors of the population still live in...