P3 Explain specific health psychology issues
Eating disorders are characterised by an abnormal attitude towards food that causes an individual to change their eating habits and their behaviour. There are several types of eating disorders that can effect an individual physically, psychologically and socially. The two eating disorders which I will be discussing is anorexia and bulimia.
Anorexia is an eating disorder and a mental health condition which can be life-threatening. Anorexia is an irrational fear of gaining weight, it typically involves excessive weight loss and usually occurs more in females than in males.
There are four clinical characteristics of individuals with anorexia which are-
* An individual behavioural symptoms who is anorexic will avoid food, compulsively weigh, engage in activities to keep their weight down for example excessive exercise, make themself sick, take laxities and burn calories.
* An individual’s cognitive symptoms will be that they think they are 20% bigger than what they are, this is called body distortion.
* An individual’s emotional symptoms will be that they will feel anxious and they will keep checking their weight on the scales and be fearful of putting on weight, also they will feel nervous, scared and have fear of fatness.
* An individual’s physical symptoms would be they would have amenorrhea, they will be emaciated, low blood pressure, general health diseases and they will have loss of body weight.
Bulimia Nervosa is an eating disorder and a mental health condition. Individuals who have bulimia try and control their weight by restricting the amount of food they eat, they binge eat and purge the food from their body by making themselves sick or use laxatives.
There are five clinical characteristics of individuals who are bulimia nervosa-
1. Binge – This is when an individual has an excessive amount of calories consumed in such a short period of time. On average an individual consumes...