TASK: WITH REFERENCE TO OIL POLITICS IN AFRICA, CRITICALLY ASSESS THE ROLE OF ENERGY RESOURCE AS AN INSTRUMENT FOR ADVANCING AFRICAN INTERNATIONAL INTERESTS
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Origin of Oil Politics 2
Impact of African Oil on Global Oil Politics 3
Africa Energy Resource, the State and Benefit 3
Oil Politics and African International Interest 5
Negative Impacts of Oil Politics in Africa 9
The term "oil politics" has been used to describe the tendency of oil-rich states to instigate international conflicts. World has experienced great deal of oil politics that started in the early 20th century with countries positioning themselves to control oil business, this has been characterized by political moves by countries involved. There are many examples of oil politics in the world that includes: South Sudan and Sudan wrangles and fight to control the Heglig oil fields in 2012; Libya’s repeated incursions into Chad in the 1970s and 1980s. Some scholars have also suggested that oil-rich states are frequently the targets of "resource wars”. Oil politics have been an increasingly important aspect of diplomacy since the rise of the petroleum industry in the in Africa in the recent decades. As competition grows for an increasingly scarce but vital resource, the strategic calculations of major and minor countries take place more prominent emphasis on the pumping, refining, transport and use of oil products thus fueling oil politics in Africa which has shaped African counties international interests.
Origin of Oil Politics
Oil politics originated in the 20th century, discovery of oil in 1908 at Masjed Soleiman in Iran initiated the quest for oil in the Middle East. The conflict started when Iran decided to nationalize it oil fields by forming the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC) in 1909 and in...