NARCO TERRORISM AND SOUTH ASIA
Terrorism is not a recent phenomenon and has been playing an important role in the world from the eighteenth and the nineteenth centuries. But the terrorism, as we see it today, has developed itself from the sixties and is the child of the war created by the imperialist powers. Terrorism stands out to be a method of combat in which random or symbolic victims serve as instrumental targets of violence. These victims share group or clan characteristics which form the basis for their selection of victimisation. Through previous use of violence or the credible threat of violence, other members of that group or class are in a state of chronic fear (terror). This group or clan, where members’ sense of security is purposefully undermined, is the target of terror. The victimisation of the target of violence is considered extra normal by most observers from the witnessing audience on the basis of its atrocity, the time (e.g. peacetime) or place (not a battlefield) of victimisation, or the disregard for rules of combat accepted in conventional warfare. Such violation creates an alternative audience beyond the target of terror: sectors of this audience might in return form the main object of manipulation. The purpose of this indirect method of combat is either to immobilise the target of terror in order to produce disorientation and for compliance, or to mobilise secondary targets of demands (e.g. governments) or targets of attention (e.g. public opinion) to change of attitude or behaviour favouring the short or long term interest of the users of this method of combat.2 Yonah Alexander has described the concept when she said, “the use of threat of violence
Dhrubajyoti Bhattacharjee, Lecturer, Department of Political Science, Siliguri College, Darjeeling, West Bengal 2 Alex P. Schmid and Albert J. Jongman, Political Terrorism, North Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1984, p.111.