I think it is safe to say that the prevalence of multiculturalism in South Africa is a given, with eleven official languages and even more different cultures. I think the problem is, can employees in an organisation or department identify the characteristics of a multicultural workplace, how do they perceive it and impact does multiculturalism or an all-inclusive culture have on themselves in their department or organisation.
A definition of multiculturalism:
Multiculturalism is an ideology that promotes the institutionalisation of communities containing multiple cultures. Politically its ranges from the advocacy of equal respect to the various cultures in a society to the promoting and maintenance of cultural diversity as a policy.
Descriptively, multiculturalism is merely a term describing the diversity of cultures that make up the South African nation. Normatively, it implies a positive recognition and celebration of diverse cultures making up a society based on the rights of different groups to be respect and recognised.
According to Jackson et al (2012:2) In the workplace multiculturalism refers to the co-existence and integration of the diverse cultures represented in the workforce. Certain conditions must be met in order to establish and maintain a multicultural society, according to Berry & Kalin (1995). These conditions involve certain criteria:
• There should be contact between the ethnic groups.
• The society should be tolerant toward immigrant (minority) groups.
• All cultural groups should have positive attitudes toward each other and consider themselves attached to the larger society, without losing their own cultural background.
Multiculturalism is about sharing and accepting other cultures. Furthermore, all people share a few common beliefs, laws and identities, while also maintaining their own preferences for culture, religion, food, etc., and all cultures are important and worthwhile. All...