Cognitive psychologists differ in their views on the processes involved in perception.
Outline two theoretical approaches to perception and provide empirical support for each.
In cognictive psychology, perception is the process of attaining awareness or understanding
of sensory information,which is the 'gateway' most of our knowledge. It is a task far more complex
than was imagined in the 1950s and 1960s, when it was predicted that building perceiving
machines would take about a decade, and there is more interest then ever in trying to clarify and
explain the mysteries of the human brain. The word perception comes from the Latin words
perception, percepio, meaning "receiving, collecting, action of taking possession, apprehension
with the mind or senses.
What a person perceives is a result of dependence between past experiences, 'the acquistion and
processing of sensoty information in order to see, hear or feel objects in the world.'(Sekuler
However this theory have had developed over the years to: ' Perception is the set of processes by
which we recognise, organise,and make sense of the sensations we receive from enviromental
stimuli.'(Stemberg 2006). All these means that our perception has got a relationship with our
emotions,what we think,our background, interpretation of the perceived.
.Perception let grow up to two types of consciousness: phenomenal and psychological. The
difference everybody can demonstrate to himself/herself by simple opening and closing eyes.
Phenomenal consciousness is full of rich sensations that are straightaway present when we close
our eyes. Psychological consciousness is well researched and measured. It occurs half a second
after a stimulus starts. If a weak stimulus lasts less, it is unlikely to be perceived. The possibility of
psychological consciousness is also quite good researched. Depending on ways used the capacity...