1.1 Land Use
Land in its natural and urban states is both an input to, and a product of, the planning process. It represents potential opportunity for social and economic mobility or potentiality for development of an area. Viewed from a functional perspective, land use meets the demand for space fitted for urban settlements. It accommodates the needs for growth resulting from population and economic expansion. Land use is not a one-dimensional concept but rather a complex mix of various characteristics of ownership, physical environment, structures, and space uses.
Based on human activities, urban land use can be defined as the utilization of urban land for the urban activities determining the spatial structure and distribution of the urban land. Land use is the function of activity system, which is primarily concerned with the location, intensity and the amount of land development required for the various space-using function of city life such as; industry, wholesaling, business, housing, recreation, education, healthcare, communication etc. In urban planning theory, the concept of land use means optimum use of available urban land among different intended uses indicating the spatial distribution of different urban activities and functions, which is determined by a number of factors. (Nawaz, et.al. 2004).
1.2 Land Use Planning
Land-Use planning is the activity, generally conducted by a authority that provides public and private land-use recommendations consistent with community policies. Land Use Planning as the term used for a branch of public policy that encompasses various disciplines that seek to order and regulate the use of land in an efficient and ethical way.
Land Use Plan refers to a plan that establishes strategies for the use of land to meet identified needs. It is a coordinated collection of data, programs, and activities related to existing and potential uses of land and resources within a defined area and as a result, it identifies a...