John Blake Temple
Kantianism is the philosophy of Immanuel Kant who was a German philosopher from Konigsberg, Prussia. Kant lived from 1742 to 1804.
The foundation of Kant’s theories comes from his belief that people are fully rational beings. This means that people are able to reason and make decisions. In fact, rationality is the main goal of Kantianism. Kant believed that to be rational, people must be consistent Kant said, “Consistency is the highest obligation of a philosopher and yet the most rarely found.” Kant believed that if a philosopher wasn’t consistent in his reasoning, then he isn’t behaving correctly.
Kant did not believe that our morals and decisions can not come from outside of us. This includes other people as well as God For example, people can tell us to be happy. We can do our best to be and act happily, but it isn’t in our power to succeed in being happy. If you die young, or are put in prison for life; living in poor conditions, you may fail to ever be happy. The point is that happiness often relies on conditions that aren’t within our own control, and we can never really know how our actions will affect our or other’s happiness. Because of this, we can’t base our morality on happiness. If pursuing happiness were the thing to do, we wouldn’t understand what is right. In addition, Kant believes that we should try to achieve our purposes. The choices necessary to live a good life could involve actions that involve results incompatible with happiness. Doing this is called “good will.” When we do things for the right reason, and not for any other reason, we are acting out of duty. This doesn’t mean that all other motives are necessarily bad; they just have zero moral merit. To us our duty should be absolute, genuine and binding on us. In Kant’s view, if you are a rational being that is able to follow rules and make choices has a duty to follow moral law.
In addition, Kant...