Influenza, (flu) is a viral disease that affects the respiratory tract. The causative organism is a virus. Influenza peaks in December through March. Flu is spread by coughing, sneezing by an infected person, especially when their mouth and nose were not covered. Its mode of transmission is by frequent contact and touching of another person. A simple handshake with an infected person can give one the infection.
The contagious period for this virus is thought to be twenty four hours before symptoms appear and to seven days thereafter. This information indicates that a person, potentially could be contagious before they even know that they are sick. (Medical News Today, 2014).Below are the signs and symptoms of flu in an infected individual:
• Muscle aches
• Fatigue and weakness
• Nonproductive cough
• Severe malaise
• Sudden onset of high fever
• Sore throat.
The elderly, infants, very young, healthcare professionals and immunocompromised individuals, pregnant women and individuals with respiratory issues are high risk for getting the flu. Viral or bacterial, pneumonia and otitis media in children and sinusitis are the common side sinusitis more especially in children, dehydration and worsening of chronic medical condition, such as congestive heart failure, asthma, or diabetes. (CDC, 2015). The best cure is prevention. Frequent hand washing, wearing a face mask and getting yearly the flu vaccine is the best way to prevent this infection. Affected individuals are advised to get adequate sleep, consume a lot of fluid and to get adequate rest. Over the counter medications could be taken, this will not kill the host or make the virus not to be transmitted to another person but medication will help to reduce the effect. The Physician might prescribe anti-viral medications like Tami Flu that will reduce the effect, and also help in preventing complication. Anti-bacterial medications could also be prescribed in an event...