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How Far Were Religious Differences in Middle East Essay

  • Submitted by: chelseakahrab
  • on April 15, 2015
  • Category: History
  • Length: 954 words

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Below is an essay on "How Far Were Religious Differences in Middle East" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Intro | During the years 1945-79 the Arab world experienced much inner conflict due to religious differences.   Altercations between Sunni and Shia, the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood and conflict between religious and secular groups, all created disharmony. However, this fails to take into account the effects of the tensions which caused the break-up of the United Arab Republic, the impact of the Cold War on the region or the differing attitudes amongst Arab States towards Israel. |
Factor 1 | Conflict between Sunni and Shia |
E1 | The Shiite led Iranian Revolution of 1979, with its desire to replace Man’s law with that of God’s, caused differences to erupt throughout the Middle East. |
E2 | As a corollary, On November 20, 1979, The Movement of Muslim Revolutionaries of the Arab Peninsula occupied the Great Mosque at Mecca and called for, amongst others demands, the purification of Islam and overthrow of the ‘corrupt’ and ‘hypocritical’ Sunni Saudi regime. |
E3 | In the same month Saudi Arabia’s Shiite community in the Eastern Province rose in violent demonstrations, carrying portraits of the spiritual leader of Iran’s revolution, Khomeini, and called for the overthrow of the ‘despotic’ Saudi monarchy. |
Con | The IR sent shock waves through many other Arab regimes, fearful for their survival. The Minister for Foreign Affairs in the Sunni dominated Egypt, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, for example, described the IR as a ‘sickness’ which could never be allowed to spread to Egypt. |
Factor 2 | The rise of the Muslim Brotherhood |
E1 | Formed to fight against Western influences and the erosion of Islamic values in Egypt. They believe that Sharia law based on the Qur'an were seen as laws passed down by God that should be applied to all parts of life, including the organization of the government and the handling of everyday problems. |
E2 | In 1952 Egypt's monarchy was overthrown by a group of nationalist military officers (Free Officers Movement) who had formed...

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