Homosexuality in America
Throughout history views of homosexuality have varied across cultural and time periods. In our culture attitudes toward homosexuality has been improving, however there are still many conservative and religious groups that view homosexuality as unnatural and therefore sinful, however view these arguments as biased and unscientific. The general consensus of the social sciences and mental health professions is that homosexuality is a normal and positive alternative in human sexual orientation. Despite the more positive view of gay and lesbian relationships, people who identify themselves as homosexual still face many issues such as social discrimination, marital laws, and adoption issues.
In our society the term homosexuality has been given a negative connotation. Until 1973 homosexuality was considered a mental disorder by the American Psychiatric Association. LGBT (lesbian/gay/bisexual/transgender) individuals can face discrimination from a variety of sources including school settings, the workplace, and even the national government. Gay youth are among the most effected by discrimination. Being a teenager can be challenging for anyone, LGBT adolescents often have to deal with harassment, threats, and violence directed at them because of their sexual orientation. Anti-gay slurs such as “faggot” or “homo” are common in school settings. Gay youth are more likely than heterosexual youth to think about and to commit suicide. Surveys have shown between 48% and 76 % of homosexual and bisexual youth have had thoughts of committing suicide, and between 29%- 42% have attempted it. One concern is that LGBT youth education is being affected. An estimated twenty-eight percent of gay adolescents will drop out of school, more than three times the national average for heterosexual students. Many teens may feel embarrassed and ashamed of being a target of bullying and are less likely to report the abuse. Another place...