Historical Perspectives of Abnormal Psychology
When distinguishing between normal and abnormal behavior, what appears to be abnormal behavior to some people may be normal by others. Psychopathology is also another term used to describe abnormal psychology. Feelings, thoughts, and behaviors are distinguishing factors to consider in assessing mental health behaviors. The following information provides a brief history and origin of abnormal psychology, the development of abnormal psychology into a scientific discipline, and the application of the three theoretical models of abnormal psychology.
Origins of Abnormal Psychology
The deinstitutionalization movement began in the 1960s where the number of psychiatric hospitals radically decreased and conditions for patients improved drastically (Hansell & Damour, 2008). “The blunt realities of mental illness shatter our most deeply held convictions about the nature of human consciousness and behavior. The mentally ill are more different than us than we can imagine and more like us than we care to admit” (Bosco, p. 131). Past methods of treatment used to help the mentally ill has faced a great deal of controversy in society and was clear during this era the methods previously used had negative results on both society and the patients.
While in the early stages of the deinstitutionalization the methods were radical and released patients from hospitals most programs were not well thought out or implemented. The hope was to give more hope to the mentally ill than the harm they were experiencing. Although this process created havoc and concern for society, it has evolved through the years and involves more than simply changing the locus of care for people. The today’s treatment involves a more tailored need to each individual, hospital care to those who need it, services culturally relevant, involvement from patient in his or her service planning, service systems not restricted by...