INTRODUCTION – GREEN BUILDING
Green Building is the practice of creating structures and processes that are environmentally responsible and resource efficient throughout the building’s life-cycle. Aspects considered for green building are efficiently using water, energy, and other resources while reducing waste, pollution, and environmental degradation. Buildings may incorporate sustainable materials in their construction such as reused or recyclable content made from renewable resources. They create healthy indoor environments with minimal pollutants and reduced product emissions. The main goal for a green building is to minimize its ecological footprint by reducing overall energy consumption and waste.
Certification is required to be recognized as a green building. Different countries maintain different standards. Canada has several different standards that differ by sector; however, LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) is the most commonly recognized. The main purpose of these standards is to provide verification that a building or community was designed and built using strategies intended to improve energy saving, water efficiency, C02 emission reduction, etc. Upon successfully meeting the allotted standards, the building is considered Green.
GREEN TECHNOLOGIES for GREEN BUILDING
The Building Envelope is the barrier between conditioned and unconditioned space in a building or home. The building envelope consists of high- efficiency windows and insulation of walls, ceilings, and floors. The major performance objectives of the building envelope are structural integrity, moisture control, temperature control, and to control air pressure boundaries. Twenty percent of Canada’s energy is consumed in homes. Sixty-seven percent of this energy is used for space heating and cooling, eighteen percent for lighting and appliances, and fifteen percent for heating water, therefore, having a proper building envelope on your home is very important to reduce...