Week 1 – GMS400
FORMS OF GOVERNMENT
Governance of a Nation
* States (nations) are governed by a continuously changing succession of people who have different roles for creating and enforcing laws (rules). Sometimes the “rulers” or legislators (people in political power) are hereditary, some come from a small cadre of elite or a dominant political party, and some are freely elected.
* Republic – president; Head of State of Canada- Queen Elizabeth II and governor general: David Johnston? We elect the party and they personally elect the prime minister but we not actually elect them.
Monarchy - oldest
* Kingdoms, Sultanates, Emirates (examples?)
* Absolute monarchy - a form of government where the monarch rules unhindered (absolute power is in the monarchy), i.e., without any laws, constitution, or legally organized opposition. e.g. Saudi Arabia: Kingdom – Middle East: UNE,
* Constitutional monarchy - a system of government in which a monarch is guided by a constitution whereby his/her rights, duties, and responsibilities are spelled out in written law or by custom. e.g. British Commonwealth, Norway, Netherlands, Thailand, India, Northern Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa
Democracy – Demos: people (Greek word)
* Democracy - a form of government in which the supreme power is retained by the people, but which is usually exercised indirectly through a system of representation and delegated authority periodically renewed.
* Generally governments are elected every 4-5 years
* Elected representatives are called “legislators” because they make the laws (legislation)
* Totalitarian - a government that seeks to subordinate the individual to the state by controlling not only all political and economic matters, but also the attitudes, values, and beliefs of its population (usually only one political party) e.g. Russia
* Dictatorship - a form of government in which a ruler or small clique wield...