Good morning, teachers and fellow students. Today i will be discussing the cold war writer George Orwell, his novel '1984' and his essay 'You and the Atomic Bomb'.
Eric Arthur Blair, born 25 june 1903 died 21 january 1950, was an English writer better know by his pen name George Orwell. Orwell wrote literary criticism, poetry, fiction and journalism. His work is marked by his keen intelligence and wit, his belief in democratic socialism and his profound awareness of social injustice. Orwell's influence on popular and political culture endures and many of his neologisms have become a part of the vernacular.
Eric Blair was born in India, where his father, Richard, worked for the Opium Department of the Civil Service. His mother, Ida, brought him to England at the age of one. After finishing his studies, Eric joined the Indian Imperial Police in Burma. He resigned and returned to England in 1928 having grown to hate imperialism. He adopted his pen name in 1933, while writing for the New Adelphi. Orwell lived for several years in poverty and was sometimes homeless. He eventually found work as a schoolteacher until ill health forced him to give this up to work part-time in a secondhand bookshop in Hampstead.
Soon after the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, Orwell volunteered to fight for the Republicans against the Nationalist uprising. He fought as an infantry man. In 'Homage to Catalonia' he described his admiration for the apparent absence of a class structure in the revolutionary areas of Spain he visited.
Orwell was shot in the neck on May 20, 1937. He and his wife Eileen left Spain after narrowly missing being arrested by "Trotskyites".
Orwell began supporting himself by writing book reviews for the New English Weekly until 1940. During World War II he was a member of the Home Guard and in 1941 began work for the BBC Eastern Service. He resigned in 1943 to become literary editor of the Tribune.
In 1944 Orwell finished his anti-Stalinist novel...