Frederic Winslow Taylor
* 20. März 1856 in Germantown, Pennsylvania, USA; † 21. März 1915 in Philadelphia)
Taylor was born as a son of the lawyer Franklin Taylor and Emily Annette Taylor. His mother came from the Delano family branch, where also Frankiln Roosevelt was born into.
Educated early by his mother, Taylor studied for two years in France and Germany and traveled Europe to whatch concerts, operas, and explore historical citys and museums.
He planned to become a lawyer just as his father and passed the entrance examinations for Harward University with honors.
But he abandoned his plans due to an headache that got caused through myopia(shortness of sight). Even though he got glasses and the head ache disappeared he didn´t restart his Harward plans and took another path instead.
He was gaining shop-floor experience and became an apprentice as patternmaker and machinist at Enterprise Hydraulic Works in Philadelphia, a pump-manufacturing company whose proprietors were friends of the Taylor family.
in 1878 Taylor finished his four-year apprenticeship and became a low leveled laborer at Midvale Steel Works.
Under the protection of a family friend , the steelmills president ( whos son married to taylors sister) he was quickly promoted 4 times to the director of research.
1884, after a 3 year distance university course in engineering he got finally promoted to “chief engineer of the works “.
He left Midvale Steel in 1890 because of conflicts in the management that got caused by his trail of rationalization.
1890 to 1893 He worked as general director for the Manufacturing Investment Company, a company that operated large paper mills in Maine and Wisconsin.
In 1893, Taylor opened an independent consulting practice in Philadelphia. His business card read "Consulting Engineer - Systematizing Shop Management and Manufacturing Costs a Specialty". Through these consulting experiences, Taylor perfected his management system.
In 1898 he joined Bethlehem Steel in...