Assignment 3.6 (50 points)
While talk is still the traditional method of exchange in therapy and counseling, practitioners of expressive therapies know that people also have different expressive styles. One individual may be more visual, another more tactile, and so forth. When therapists are able to include these various expressive capacities in their work with clients, they can more fully enhance each person’s abilities to communicate effectively and authentically.
Expressive arts therapy is an interdisciplinary, arts-based approach to counseling and psychotherapy that integrates various art disciplines to assist individuals in self-expression and self-discovery. Several of the expressive therapies are also considered “creative arts therapies”—specifically, art, music, dance/movement, drama, and poetry/creative writing according to the National Coalition of Creative Arts Therapies Associations (2004a; hereafter abbreviated as NCCATA). Expressive therapies are sometimes referred to as “integrative approaches” when purposively used in combination in treatment. While expressive therapies can be considered a unique domain of psychotherapy and counseling, within this domain exists a set of individual approaches.
Art therapy uses art media, images, and the creative process, and respects patient/client responses to the created products as reflections of development, abilities, personality, interests, concerns, and conflicts. It is a therapeutic means of reconciling emotional conflicts, fostering self-awareness, developing social skills, managing behavior, solving problems, reducing anxiety, aiding reality orientation, and increasing self-esteem (American Art Therapy Association, 2004).
Music therapy uses music to effect positive changes in the psychological, physical, cognitive, or social functioning of individuals with health or educational problems (American Music Therapy Association, 2004).
Drama therapy is the systematic and intentional use of drama/theatre...