Ethical and Legal Issues in Nursing
This team paper will cover how the American Nurses Association Code of Ethics; personal and societal values; fundamental legal aspects, and legal responsibilities of nurses would influence a final decision for two case studies assigned to this project. The first study pertains to a 79-year-old who suffered a hemorrhagic stroke (Chitty & Black, 2011, p. 175). This patient does not have an advance directive that leads the family into having a life altering decision to make. The second case study pertains to a nurse being brought in as a witness in a case against a healthcare institution and a nurse being accused of negligence (Blais & Hayes, 2011, p. 91).
Code of nursing influence
After careful review of each of the two case studies we, as professionals, can be influenced by the American Nurses Association Code of Nursing Ethics. We can use the code to give us a guideline in difficult decision-making situations. In provision 2, according to “Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretative Statements” (2015), “The nurse’s primary commitment is to the patient, whether an individual, family, group, community, or population” (p. 5). In this particular instance, we can see how the code would be able to assist us, by keeping our commitment to our patient at hand. By being our patient’s advocate, (Hanks, 2013, p. 164) in a time where she cannot speak for herself and the family might be ignorant of the different options available. According to “Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretative Statements” (2015), “6.2 The environment and ethical obligation: Virtues focus on what is good and bad in regard to whom we are to be as moral persons; obligations focus on what is right and wrong or what we are to do as moral agents. Obligations are often specified in terms of principles such as beneficence or doing good; nonmaleficence or doing no harm; justice or treating people fairly.” (p. 23). This portion of the code can help us provide...