MAHESH DATTANI’S FINAL SOLUTIONS: A DRAMA OF SOCIAL MALADIES Amar Nath Prasad* Pramod Kumar Singh** A true art is not meant for teaching and preaching. Its primary function is to give delight; its purpose is chiefly aesthetic. Only a writer, who maintains a perfect blending of both feeling and form, can push upward the art at its zenith. In the works of Mahesh Dattani, we find a very fine example of true art:
Manesh Dattani comes in the category of writers who champion the cause of true art– free from any theory, universal in taste and flavour, appealing to all sections of society, never bound to any caste, class and creed.(Prasad 2007:262)
Mahesh Dattani is the true observer of society and he writes only what he sees and not what should be. All his plays are filled with matter and manner which he observes. Each and every play of Dattani raises some prominent issues concerning the various maladies contaminating the healthy tissues of the society and in doing so he is never seen didactic in his attitude. Dattani’s play Final Solutions is the true representative play of his observations; it deals with one of the burning issues of communal riot. Dattani shows in the play how the seed of riot is sowed and some vested groups reap its fruit. He also discusses the role of politician, police and public at the time of communal riot. The common people who live together for years, at the moment of riot, suddenly cease to recognize each other and become enemy on the ground of religion. They never realize that they are loser, and politicians snatch the opportunity to gain power. This special community utilizes the opportunity to make a profit. Final Solutions is the fifth play of Mahesh Dattani. It was first performed by Dattani and Preetam Koilpillai and group at the Guru Nanak Bhawan, Bangalore on July 10, 1993. It was staged just after the event of Mumbai riot. It is this magnificent work that attracted the
* HoD, Dept. of English, Jagadam College, J.P.University,...