a) Summarize the entitlement and provision for early year’s education.
The government brought out a paper called Every Child Matters along with the Childcare Act 2006, this made it possible for all 3 - 4 year olds whether advantaged or disadvantaged to access the same level of education for free (limited to 15 hours per week over 38 weeks). Early years education differs throughout the UK. In England it is known as Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) it is more play based than usual schooling, it is designed to harness learning aspects through play. EYFS covers the education of 3-5 year olds in England. In Wales it’s called Early Years Foundation Phase and covers foundation stage and key stage one of the curriculum (from 3 - 7 years old). Scotland is similar to Wales in the fact they deliver early years and early primary together (this is known as primary one), this is useful in terms of the children's progression through the school as if they are not ready to move on to the primary one phase then they will remain within the early years phase. The main focus of the early years phase is on active learning and cementing knowledge, and is more quality based. Northern Ireland children follow foundation stage, which starts when they are 5 yrs old, from around 7 years they will follow key stage one but similar to Scotland they will not progress until they are ready. EYFS is designed to enable children to work and play independently, although teachers and support staff will use specific activities to help them teach certain skills, e.g. drawing round a plate helps children to form letters.
b) Explain the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stage(s) and school governance.
Most schools are funded and run by the local education authority, they are known as maintained schools. Below is a brief description of each school in the UK.
Community schools are owned and run by the LEA, the admissions policy is also developed by the...