LEGAL FRAMEWORK on labor law and disputes in Uganda
In this Chapter, we discuss the different laws that address issues of employment in Uganda. This is done so as to understand the various rights and duties of employees and employers in employment-related matters. A review of key international statutes that Uganda has ratified is also given in this chapter.
2.1 The 1995 Constitution of the Republic of Uganda
The Constitution of the Republic of Uganda, which is the supreme law of the country, contains provisions that are aimed at protecting workers’ rights. Article 40 of the Constitution makes provision for economic rights. Under this law, Parliament is mandated to enact laws to provide for the rights of persons to work under satisfactory, safe and healthy conditions, to ensure equal payment for equal work without discrimination; and to ensure that every worker is accorded rest and reasonable working hours and periods of holidays with pay, as well as remuneration for public holidays. Article 40 further guarantees the right of every Ugandan to practise his or her profession and to carry on any lawful occupation, trade or business. The Constitution further provides for the right of every Ugandan to form or join a trade union of his or her choice for the promotion and protection of his or her economic and social interests; to collective bargaining and representation; and to withdraw his or her labour according to law. The same provision also provides for the protection of women during pregnancy and after birth of children.
2.2 Employment Act No. 6 of 2006
Employment relations in Uganda are primarily governed by the Employment Act No. 6 of 2006. A number of its provisions have a direct bearing on the question of youth unemployment. Section 6 (1) of the Employment Act provides that it shall be the duty of all parties including the minister, labour officers and the Industrial Court to seek to promote equality of opportunity with a...