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Down Syndrome Essay

  • Submitted by: emmapatt44
  • on August 19, 2015
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 568 words

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Below is an essay on "Down Syndrome" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Down Syndrome also called Trisomy 21 is a condition in which genetic material causes delay in the way a child develops both mentally and physically. As one of the most common birth defects Down syndrome affects around one in every 800 babies born in the United States. The approximate life span of people with Down syndrome is 60 years in the United States. The physical features and medical problems vary widely for each child with Down syndrome as some children need a lot of medical attention while others lead healthy lives (Gavin).  
The affects on a child that is born with Down syndrome is what makes that child different from others around them. You can easily tell if a child has Down syndrome by their outside appearance or physical features. Some different physical features that a child with Down syndrome would have that most children don’t have are a flat facial profile, an upward slant to their eyes, small ears, and a protruding tongue. Hypotonia or low muscle tone is a characteristic where kids with Down syndrome reach developmental milestones such as sitting up, crawling, or walking later than other kids. Kids with Down syndrome tend to grow at a slower rate than their peers and just overall remain smaller than them too. When a kid with Down syndrome has low muscle tone, they may also have sucking and feeding problems as well as constipation and other digestive issues. However, most kids will have some type of delay in speech and self-care such as feeding, dressing, and toilet teaching, but some kids may have less trouble with speech and self-care than others (“Facts about Down Syndrome”).      
Most kids with Down syndrome have many medical problems that you can’t see. Almost half of all children born with Down syndrome will have a congenital heart defect. These kids also have an increased risk of developing Pulmonary Hypertension, which is a serious condition that can lead to irreversible damage to the lungs. All infants with Down syndrome should be...

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