According to recent studies conducted by the Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department, it is found that people with disability and chronic illness sufferers comprise about 6.5% and 16.7% of the total population of Hong Kong respectively. High percentage of them has expressed mild to moderate difficulties in handling their daily living (Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department, 2009). This raises our concern about what the exact difficulties they are facing and how the society can help them.
There are some important terms that needed to be defined. People with disabilities are referred to those who have been diagnosed by qualified medical health personnel as having one or more of the following 9 conditions, including restriction in body movement, seeing, hearing and speech difficulty, mental illness, autism, special learning difficulties, hyperactivity disorder and intellectual disability. Chronic illness sufferers are referred to those who require long-term (i.e. lasting for at least 6 months) medical treatment, consultation or medication for certain type(s) of diseases. Examples of chronic diseases include hypertension, diabetes, heart diseases etc. (Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department, 2009).
Without doubt, disabled people or people who suffer from chronic illness face a number of difficulties and problems in their daily lives. In this report, the difficulties that they are facing would be discussed. In explaining the real causes of these difficulties, biomedical model and social model would be applied.
Difficulties faced by the disabled people and people with chronic illness
Loss of independence
People who are disabled or having chronic illness may face a loss of independence. Such independence is much more than simple physical reliance upon others, but also the ability to make choice and take control over his/her life (Clares, 1999).
Biomedical model explains that people with physical disabilities need assistance...