Review current theoretical approaches to group living provision for adults
National Health Service and Community Act 1990 – duty for all local authorities to assess people for social care and support to ensure that people who need community are services they are entitled to. For some individuals they may need substantial support it may be necessary that they live in a group living environment, these provisions should continue to support the service users independence.
Wolfensberger developed “The normalisation theory” this involves accepting people with disabilities, ensuring they are offered the same conditions as other citizens, this includes housing, schooling, employment and the freedom to choose. Also puts emphasis on the positive risk taking rather than the need to protect.
Kendrick – believes accepting the reality that now all people are positively valued in society makes social valorisation important. It prevents bad things from happening to the most vulnerable; it also increases the likelihood of good things happening.
Eric Erikson – says when reviewing the care needs of a service user you would need to look at their physical, social and cognitive needs.
A lot of these theories are still relevant today in the care and support provided.
Within the group living environment it enables the individual to participate in society. All service users have a voice in the care they receive.
Every service user has a person centred plan and this is based on the individual and their support needs, so even though then live in a group living their support needs are tailored to them.
Evaluate the impact of legal and regulatory requirements on the physical group living environment
Over many years laws have impacted greatly. Group living in the care environment has come a long way since the poor laws that were before – which in the past has resulted in people going into institutions.
Care Standards Act 2000 – national minimum standards...