Diabetes mellitus, most commonly known as just diabetes, refers to a group of several different metabolic diseases. These are caused by either an inability to produce insulin, an important hormone, or because the body cannot respond properly to insulin. Diabetes can cause a person to have high blood sugar, which can cause a variety problems in the body. Its a chronic condition that almost 382 million people have worldwide. There are three different types of diabetes. They all have different causes, therefore require different treatments and lifestyles.
Diabetes is a metabolic disease, meaning it affects the metabolic system in the body. This is part of the digestive system, and it allows the body to use chemicals to break down foods, into sugars and nutrients. This means the metabolic system is essential for the body getting energy. Diabetes specifically affects the pancreas, and insulin production. Insulin regulate glucose, or sugar, in the blood. As a result, blood sugar levels are affected.
Other than the digestive system, numerous body systems are affected, because blood sugar is essential to maintaining bodily functions. The circulatory system is impacted, because of irregular blood levels. Diabetics are at a higher risk for heart disease. If blood sugar levels are not regulated, an excess of glucose in the blood can cause fatty deposits in arteries. This directly affects blood flow, increasing the chances for clogging of the blood vessels. Diabetes impact on the circulatory system can also cause swelling or strokes. It also affects the urinary tract, and can cause frequent, painful urination.
Diabetes is caused by a variety of different things, depending on the type of diabetes. Type one diabetes is caused when the body’s own immune system attacks cells that produce insulin. The exact cause is unknown, but it is usually linked to genetic or environmental factors. Type two diabetes is caused when the body has grown a resistance to insulin, meaning that...