What is Diabetes Type II?
Diabetes Type II is a disease that affects the body’s ability to produce sufficient insulin or that the cell does not respond to the insulin due to fats. Insulin is important to us as it transport the glucose broken down from the carbohydrates that you eat into the cells for energy. Diabetes Type II is both avoidable and controllable. It is linked with obesity, lack of exercise, High blood cholesterol and High blood pressure.
What are the symptoms and complications of Diabetes Type II?
Symptoms of diabetes type II include frequent urination, increased hunger and weight loss. One of the complications of diabetes include ten year shorter life span, due to the number of complications which it is associated with, some examples such as 2-4 times the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke, a 20-fold increase in lower limb amputations and increased frequencies of hospitalizations. In the developed world and still increasing elsewhere, Type II diabetes is the biggest cause of non-traumatic blindness and kidney failure as compared to non-diabetics. It has also been linked with an increased risk of cognitive dysfunction and dementia through diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia. Other complications include frequent infections, acanthosis nigricans and sexual dysfunction.
What are the causes of Diabetes Type II?
Diabetes Type II is caused by a combination of lifestyle and genetic factors. While some are caused under personal control such as diet and obesity, other factors like age, gender and genetics are not. Sleep deficiency and nutritional situation during fetal development has been linked to type II diabetes. Factors that lead to diabetes type II include:
Lifestyle factors known to be important to the development of type II diabetes include obesity, lack of sufficient physical activity, poor diet, stress and urbanization. Excess body fat is linked with 64% of cases of diabetes in men and 77%...