You have a parent visit your setting. They disclose that they and their child have HIV. The child is taking medication and is fit and well.
Using the assessment criteria as a guide to your response explain how you would react to this admission and manage the risk within the setting.
4.1 Describe ethical dilemmas that may arise in own area of responsibility when balancing individual rights and duty of care
4.2 Explain the principle of informed choice
4.3 Explain how issues of individual capacity may affect informed choice
4.4 Propose a strategy to manage risks when balancing individual rights and duty of care in own area of responsibility
There are still many fears and misconceptions about Human Immunodeficiency Virus, HIV, and due to this many of those who have HIV are subject to discrimination. A lack of education on the way in which HIV is transmitted from person to person also contributes to the discrimination as people fear what they do not understand.
HIV currently has no cure but with the correct treatment many of those with the virus are able to live long and healthy lives, embarking on ‘normal’ activities including having children. There are many myths surround HIV and how contagious it is, but in reality HIV can only be passed on via unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing needles and other drug injecting paraphernalia, from a HIV mother to child during pregnancy (if not treated), birth or breast feeding, or by direct transfer of blood, semen, vaginal fluids and breast milk into the blood stream. There is no other way of transmitting the virus; it is not spread through the air, through saliva, sweat or urine (NHS Choices, 2014).
4.1 As child care practitioners we have a duty of care to all children, ensuring that they are all safe and well looked after. This also extends to their well-being in regards to discrimination; a child, regardless of their race, belief or medical needs should be treated equally and not be...