GEORGETA DOBROTA 13 /06/15
UNIT 13 : DEMENTIA AWARENESS
1. Understand what dementia is
2.1 Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’
Dementia is a term used to describe a collection of symptoms including memory loss, problem with reasoning, perception and communication skills. It also leads to a reduction in a person’s abilities and skills in carrying out day to day activities such as washing, dressing or cooking. Dementia is a progressive condition, which means the symptoms are likely to get worse over time. The progression will vary from person to person and each will experience dementia in different way.
2.2 Describe the key function of the brain that are affected by dementia
Frontal lobe - movement , emotional behaviour , personality , interpretation and feelings
Parietal lobe- language , special awareness and recognition
Temporal lobe –long term memory speech and hearing
Occipital lobe –vision
Cerebellum – balance , posture and muscle coordination (movement )
Limbic system – emotions and smell
Hypothalamus – regulates thirst , appetite , body temperature , sleep cycles and patterns of sleep
Thalamus –processing sensory information and signalling sensation of pain
Hippocampus – converting recent memories into stored memory.
2.3 Explain why depression , delirium and age-related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia
A person who is depressed can often show similar symptoms to a person who has dementia , for example problems with memory and concentration. People who are depressed may also lack motivation , which can affect their ability to manage everyday tasks , leading to self-neglect and withdrawal. As these problems are commonly be mistaken for dementia when in fact the person is suffering from depression.