Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Background: In the final hours of John Adams administration, he appointed 58 government officials from his political party to be a part of the government jobs created by the congress. However, his Secretary of State John Marshall failed to deliver the signed paperwork to 17 of the appointees; thinking his successor, Thomas Jefferson's Secretary of State will finish his job. When Thomas Jefferson won the 1800 election and go into power he asked his Secretary of State not to deliver the rest of the paperwork. Due to this the rest of the appointees from Adam's government could not start work because they did not have the paper work. Marbury, was appointed to be Justice of the peace of the District of Columbia in the last minute of Adam's government but he was also a part of the members who did not receive their paperwork. Joined by three other appointees, Madison petitioned for a writ of mandamus compelling delivery of the commission. When the case came before the Supreme Court, John Marshall was the Chief of Justice and the court had to decide whether Marbury could be in office or whether the Judiciary Act of 1789 gave the court the authority to force the Secretary of State to give back Marbury.
Ruling: The Supreme Court decided that Madison should not delivery the commission to Marbury,with this case the Supreme Court announced for the first time the principle that a court may declare an act of Congress void if it is inconsistent with the Constitution.
Roe v. Wade (1973)
Background: Opinions an ideas about sexual life and relationships were becoming more liberal. Women were even allowed to get things like birth control and other things that will control birth rate apart from abortion. However, some states made it feasible for mothers to get abortion, other states did not allow it. These states only allowed abortion only if the pregnancy was a health hazard to the mother. Jane Roe was unmarried and pregnant Texas in 1970. She wanted...