By Josh Downey 10B
Ethiopia is located in North East Africa; it is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west and Kenya to the south. Ethiopia is a landlocked country that has a Tropical Monsoon kind of climate with a wide topographic-induced variation. Ethiopia has a great supply of water in some areas due to the climate however; they are unable to access the water as the water travels down the Nile to other countries and if they do take the water there will be serious consequences with other countries like Egypt.
Map of Ethiopia
Ethiopia has a population of over 93 million and it is growing rapidly, over 2.5 million of these people live in Addis Ababa which is the capital and also the largest city in Ethiopia. There are more than 80 languages spoken most people speak Semitic, or Cushitic language. The Oromo, Amhara, Tigreans are the main ethnic groups and make up more than 3 quarters of the population and Orthodox Christians and Muslims are the biggest religions in Ethiopia.
There is evidence of human settlement in this region which May be 100,000 years old. In the 19th century, leaders such as Menelik reunited much of the region and avoided being colonised by Europeans. In 1930, Haile Selassie came to the throne. He introduced a written constitution and began a process of modernisation. By 1974, economic problems and famine led to his downfall. A military junta deposed Selassie and established a socialist state. It nationalised banks, industries, land and schools, and set up peasants’ associations to carry out rural reform. In 1977, Lieutenant-Colonel Mengistu Haile-Mariam became a virtual dictator. His opponents fought a long civil war, with both sides armed by superpowers. Mengistu was kicked out in 1991 and the new government introduced a new constitution...