America was the first society in the world to be organized around the promise of equal opportunity. Between 1780-1803 the settlers went westward into three different ways. The first was from the Old South that included Virginia, Maryland, the Carolinas, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. The next was through the Blue Ridge Mountains that went form Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee. The last was in the North that included New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Michigan. Fifty years after independence more territory had been occupied in a single generation than had been settled in the 150 years of colonial history. Also, between 1800 and 1820 the trans-Appalachian population soared from 300,000 to 2 million. But 1840 over 40% of Americans lived west of the mountains in eight new states. Many people only settled places a few years before moving on for cheaper and more fertile land.
As already shown, from 1790 to 1830 people were focused on westward expansion but there was more. They were also focused on economic growth, urban development, and the democratization of politics these factors became the reasons for a booming economy. After the Revolution many people started to seek jobs in enterprises such as textiles, banking, transportation, publishing, retailing, teaching, preaching, medicine, law, construction, and engineering. The development of all of these career aspects transformed the nature of work for many Americans.
In this chapter we learn of the “revolution of 1800”. On March 4, 1801 Thomas Jefferson became the first president to be inaugurated in the new federal city. The new federal city, Washington, District of Columbia, had to centers: Capitol Hill and the executive mansion. There was more then just physical changes occurring. Jefferson’s cabinet was, among others, Secretary of State James Madison, Secretary of Treasury Albert Gallatin, and the rest were men from New England region.
Soon after Jefferson was elected, Congress repealed the...