Unit 2 – Development from conception to age 16 years
E1 Describe the development of children in a selected age range and in TWO (2) areas of development
New-borns make eye contact and cry to indicate their needs they use this as a survival technique as they learn that when they cry adults will care for them. They’ll turn to sounds, and become comforted by a human voice and are programmed to look at human faces. They’ll also imitate other people’s facial expressions and actions. This helps them learn, imitation is the best learning strategy for a baby http://ilabs.washington.edu/meltzoff/pdf/99Meltzoff_BornToLearn.pdf 05/03/14 states: “Imitation is a powerful form of learning commonly used by children, adults and infants. A child's enthusiasm for imitative behaviour prompts parental attention and interaction, and provides a mechanism for transmitting appropriate cultural and social behaviour”. Ref 1. 1-4 months a baby can recognise different speech sounds. They link images to familiar sounds for example mother’s voice and her face. Therefore using sound and smell they can recognise their mother. 5-9 months babies will reach for objects they would like to touch, and prefer to play with brightly coloured toys. They can also coordinate more for example they can work out what actions it takes to get the rattle from the floor into their mouth. They develop preferences in foods; they also understand that a bib means feeding time. 8-9 months babies understand that objects exist when they’ve gone out of sight they will look for them, this is called object permanence. Meggit C et al 2012 highlights this by saying: “Piaget used a test called “the permanence of the object”. He would cover an object, and the baby had to sit and watch this. By nine months of age, the baby would reach for the object by uncovering it and picking it up; younger babies did not do this. It is now thought that babies have to realise that two objects (the...