First-degree burns are red and very sensitive to touch, and the skin will appear blanched when light pressure is applied. First-degree burns involve minimal tissue damage These burns affect the outer-layer of skin causing pain, redness and swelling. Sunburn is a good example of a first-degree burn.
· Peeling skin
· Shock (pale, clammy skin, weakness, bluish lips and finger nails)
· White or charred skin
First Aid for Minor Burns: (First-Degree)
· If the skin is not broken, run cool water over the burned area or soak it in a cool water (not ice water) .
· Burns can be extremely painful, reassure the victim and keep them calm.
· After flushing or soaking the burn for several minutes, cover the burn with a sterile non-adhesive bandage or clean cloth.
· Protect the burn from friction and pressure.
· Over-the-counter pain medications may be used to help relieve pain.
· Minor burns will usually heal without further treatment.
Second-degree burns affect both the outer-layer and the under lying layer of skin causing redness, pain, swelling and blisters. These burns often affect sweat glands, and hair follicles.
Shock (pale, clammy skin, weakness, bluish lips and finger nails)
White or charred skin
First Aid for Severe Burns: (Second & Third-Degree)
· DO NOT remove burnt clothing unless it comes off easily
· Make sure the victim is breathing. If breathing has stopped or the victim's airway is blocked then open the airway and if necessary begin CPR.
· If the victim is breathing, cover the burn with a cool moist sterile bandage or clean cloth.
· DO NOT use a blanket or towel; .
· DO NOT apply any ointments and avoid breaking blisters.
· If fingers or toes have been burned, separate them with dry sterile, non-adhesive dressings.
· Elevate the burned area and protect it from...