Writing assignment 2.1
Steven K Bews
Assessment findings for adrenergic stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system
* Central nervous system signs of stimulation are heightened awareness, insomnia, delusion, and hallucinations.
* Cardiovascular signs of stimulation Increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, increased contractility of the heart may be felt as a stronger pulse from higher cardiac volume.
* Respiratory signs of stimulation bronchodilation resulting in improved air flow in and out of the lungs clearing of breath sounds improved spo2
* GI tract signs of stimulation are decreased motility of the smooth muscle in the intestines equals reduced excretion and less passing of gas.
* GU signs of stimulation relaxation of the bladder muscles and increased tension on the sphincter equals less urine output. Beta 2 will relax the uterus and alpha 1 will make it contract. Alpha 1 stimulates ejaculation in males.
* Skin signs of stimulation vasoconstriction of the skin will result in a pale appearance and cool to the touch.
* Eye signs of stimulation pupil dilation and vasoconstriction of the blood vessels of the eye reduced redness
* Salivary signs of stimulation increased saliva secretion
* Reproduction signs of stimulation alpha1 stimulation in males will cause ejaculation. Reproductive organs are not normally part of fight or flight mechanism so we see a decrease in function I.E. flaccid penis the uterus may contract or relax depending on the receptor stimulated (Lilley,Collins, 2014).
Conditions that would require adrenergic drugs.
* Open angle glaucoma agonist naphazoline reduced ocular pressure pupil dilation.
* Cardiopulmonary arrest – agonists- epinephrine, dopamine signs of therapeutic effect increased heart rate increased spo2, increased blood pressure.
Adrenergic drugs used to treat
* Nasal decongestion- phenylephrine causes vasoconstriction of...