World War II was a disastrous, worldwide conflict that affected all the corners of the
earth. This war in Japan ended a short time after the atomic bombing of two cities in Japan.
However, the decision to drop an atomic bomb on Hiroshima was a diplomatic measure
calculated to intimidate the Soviet Union in the post Second World War era, rather than a strictly
military measure designed to force Japan’s unconditional surrender.
The US at the time of the bombing of Hiroshima was led by Harry S. Truman, who had
been pushed into the position of leadership by the death of Roosevelt. The bombing was almost
three months to the day after the defeat of Germany in Europe. This date is of major significance
when considering the relation between the dropping of the bomb and the affect on Russia,
because of part of the agreements made at the Yalta Conference. This was a meeting of the "Big
Three", the Soviet Union, United States, and Great Britain, to discuss the plans for winning the
war. At this conference, the Soviet Union promised to begin helping in the battle in the Pacific
Theater three months after the defeat of Germany. At that time, there was no knowledge of
whether an atom bomb was even possible, and especially possible to create in time for the use as
an offensive tool in the war. The way the date was set up for this bombing, merely 2 days before
the Red Army was to join in the war, would seem to indicate that the US dropped the bomb to
end the war without the need of help from the Soviets.
The US did not want the Soviet Union to have to enter the war in Japan. According to
General Eisenhower, the reports coming out of the battleground indicated the "imminence of
Japan’s collapse," and the United States "ought not to put ourselves in the position of requesting
or begging for Soviet aid (Document C)." The US did not want Russian participation in the war